By Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The impact of the crusades on the Near East
Similarly, the arts of bookbinding and illumination received great impetus, and Arabic ealligraphy was fast breaking away from the angular Kilfi in favor of the cursive naskh1, which was to reach its finest artistic development during the Mamluk period. It is, however, in its intellectual life and activity that the real nature of Arab culture in the twelfth century is best revealed; there its main features are best portrayed, its special characteristics depicted, and its spirit and breadth reflected.
L-Haitham (d. about 1039),H or technicians skilled in the construction of astronomical instruments, such as al-Badi' al-Asturliibi (d. 1139/ 1140),74 or mere summarizers who abridged earlier masterpieces, such as 'Abd-al-Malik ash-Shirazi (d. about 1203),75 who wrote in Arabic a summary of the 70. , 11·1, 7. 71. , I (Ballimore, 1927), 738. 72. , 11·1, 204-205. 73. lbn-abi-U~lbi'ah, 'UyOn, II, 90-98. 74. Sanon, op. , 11·1, 204. 75. , 11-1, 296, 400-401. 22 A IDSTORY OF THE CRUSADES v treatise of Apollonius on conics, based on the ninth-century translation of the work by Thabit ibn-Qurrah (d.
64. H. 1327 (1909/10)), pp. 80-81. 65. See N. A. , The Arab Heritage (Princeton, 1946), pp. 142-158. 20 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES v and for twelve years Jived in various places in Spain. In 1160 the family settled in Fez, but was soon obliged to move eastward, arriving in 1165 in Cairo, where Maimonides spent the remaining thirty-nine years of his life, and where he wrote, in Arabic, all but one of his works. His intellectual endeavors, unlike those of ai-Ghazzali, were not directed toward either preserving medieval thought or refuting earlier philosophers, but rather toward reconciling Jewish theology with Moslem Aristotelianism, in other words faith with reason, which Averroes too had successfully undertaken on behalf of Islam.
A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The impact of the crusades on the Near East by Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard