Download e-book for kindle: A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's by John F. Marszalek

By John F. Marszalek

ISBN-10: 0813030021

ISBN-13: 9780813030029

Born a slave in 1850s South Carolina and elected to Congress within the Eighteen Nineties, George W. Murray looked to be the antithesis of the African American male within the Jim Crow South and served as a beacon for African americans who observed their hopes beaten within the aftermath of the Civil battle. Early within the 20th century, besides the fact that, tragically defeated via corrupt Reconstruction politics and white supremacist attitudes he couldn't get away, Murray used to be pushed from workplace and from the country. Drawing on wide examine to reconstruct Murray’s existence tale, Marszalek defines an age and its humans in the course of the compelling conflict of 1 guy and exhibits how and why the nation’s efforts to reconstruct the South right into a biracial democracy failed.
            Murray’s profession, which spanned 1 / 4 of a century, incorporated phrases within the U.S. condominium of Representatives and management of South Carolina’s Republican social gathering. He was once an investor in addition to a landed owner of a house who offered tracts to negative blacks to ensure that them to qualify to vote. yet by means of the start of the 20 th century, together with his social gathering in shambles, he came upon himself on trial for alleged forgery in a land take care of of his black land buyers. Murray used to be chanced on responsible, and the South Carolina very best courtroom upheld the decision. Sentenced to demanding exertions on a sequence gang, he escaped to Chicago the place he spent the remainder of his existence in obscurity.

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Extra info for A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray

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He ignored politics and spoke of black pride and economics. In his words could be heard the philosophy of the Colored Alliance, echoes of black thought since the Civil War, and the later more famous accommodationist words and philosophy of Booker T. 4 The modern historian can also notice prophetic hints of “black is beautiful,” salvation for the masses, and black separatist themes identified with later black rhetoric. In his speech, Murray was reflecting the thought of those black contemporaries who saw economics rather than politics as the solution to black problems.

16 Murray also played a key role in the registration drive led by Brayton. In July, for example, he addressed a group of Sumter County blacks while they completed affidavits to try to obtain registration certificates. Such tasks were The 1890 Election: Success and Failure / 27 routinely assigned to party functionaries, but Murray had decided to run for Congress from the Seventh District, so this activity was part of his campaign effort. Once more, he displayed political audacity. He was not only running in the only district where Republicans had a chance to win, but he was also willing to challenge party luminaries such as Miller and Brayton for the post.

He played on Harrison’s emotions by describing black voter loyalty to the Republican cause despite personal danger and tremendous electoral obstacles. 36 Murray’s letter was one part of a concerted South Carolina Republican campaign to mend fences with Harrison. In early January 1889, the Republican state chairman, Ellery M. Brayton, a white Harvard-educated lawyer, published a twenty-four-page pamphlet publicly repeating the arguments Murray had made in his personal letter. 37 This rumored 1889 movement to remake the South Carolina Republican Party was nothing new or unexpected.

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A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray by John F. Marszalek

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