By John P. LeDonne
This can be the 1st complete exam of the Russian ruling elite and its political associations in the course of a big interval of country construction, from the emergence of Russia at the level of global politics round 1700 to the consolidation of its place after the victory over Napoleon. rather than concentrating on the nice rulers of the period--Peter, Catherine, and Alexander--the paintings examines the the Aristocracy which by myself can make their strength potent. LeDonne not just offers an entire chronological account of the advance of bureaucratic, army, fiscal, and political associations in Russia in this interval, but in addition skillfully analyzes the ways that neighborhood firms and the ruling type exercised regulate and shared energy with absolutely the monarchs.
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Extra info for Absolutism and Ruling Class: The Formation of the Russian Political Order, 1700-1825
40 The shortage of clerks and secretaries was aggravated by the local government reform of the 1770s and the ministerial reform of the 1810s. " This was unenforceable. "41 In addition to sons of priests, who had nowhere else to go, townsmen applied for admission, taking advantage of the exemption from billeting soldiers given to those who entered the apparatus. Such was the case of a Saratov merchant who applied to the civil chamber and was hired as a clerk with his son. The son was promoted to the upper ranks of the secretarial staff (after The Structure of Russian Society \5 1785, everyone in grades fourteen to nine became life nobles) but did not break the barrier to hereditary status.
Its logical consequence had to be the recreation of corporate agencies for the landowners. Uezd marshals were elected in 1767 along with delegates to the Legislative Commission,14 but the completion of the reform 26 Society was delayed for nearly 20 years by the Turkish war and the administrativeterritorial reorganization. As the central administrative headquarters of the nobility in the seventeenth century, the Razriadkept rolls of the nobility and cleared appointments; the Pomestnyi Prikaz kept registers of the nobles' properties and settled disputes over sales and inheritance.
53 Russian society taken in its totality was thus a huge command structure in which social and family relationships were dominated by considerations of power. Authority was created not by wealth but by position within a hierarchy determined by age, seniority, and co-optation. Translated into power through exploitation, the assertion of a primary, even exclusive, claim over scarce resources, it gave wealth and honor. At all levels of such a society the tyranny of the superior was accepted because it justified the subordinate's tyranny over his own subordinates, leaving no room for the assertion of individual freedom, economic initiative, and social autonomy.
Absolutism and Ruling Class: The Formation of the Russian Political Order, 1700-1825 by John P. LeDonne