By Jan Faye
The philosophy of the humanistic sciences has been a blind-spot in analytic philosophy. This booklet argues that by way of adopting a suitable pragmatic research of clarification and interpretation it's attainable to teach that medical perform of humanistic sciences will be understood on related strains to medical perform of usual and social sciences.
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Extra resources for After Postmodernism: A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities
The goal remains content to explain these human phenomena in humanistic categories of ‘meaning’, ‘intention’, ‘rule’, ‘value’, and ‘norm’, rather than attempt an impossible further explanation of these humanistic categories in terms of the categories of natural science. Charles Darwin, for example, was able to naturalize biology without relying on other than biological explanations. He operated with biological categories like ‘species’, ‘evolution’, ‘natural variation’, ‘selection’, ‘environment’, and ‘adaptation’.
It is our natural, everyday language, which primarily creates, expresses, and mediates cultural phenomena. It is the use of this language that contributes to the formation of social and cultural contexts existing outside of individual human brains and at the same time reflects those very same contexts. Its natural basis comes from its origin in the cognitive and linguistic capacity of the human species and its conventional basis comes from human inventions. An example of this transformation from nature to culture comes to the fore in cognitive semantics.
Conversely, the social sciences attempt to define man as a social creature whose knowledge, actions, and cultures must be understood by reference to the social communities in which they occur. In this perspective, man is merely a conceptual and historical construction, which can only be understood in relation to a particular social context. The consequence seems to be: what is not biological is social, and what is not social is biological. This dual pressure from biology and sociology leaves the human sciences in a no man’s land where their particular role as a positive science seems to be in liquidation.
After Postmodernism: A Naturalistic Reconstruction of the Humanities by Jan Faye