By W. Schinkel
This e-book presents a singular method of the social clinical learn of violence. It argues for an 'extended' definition of violence with a purpose to steer clear of subscribing to commonsensical or kingdom propagated definitions of violence, and can pay particular awareness to 'autotelic violence' (violence for the sake of itself), in addition to to terrorism.
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Extra resources for Aspects of Violence: A Critical Theory
Eighteenth century England saw violence 'as a way to discipline or punish those by whom they felt wronged' (Amussen, 1995: 27). That included legitimate and illegitimate (non-legal) forms of violence. In fact, 'what is essential for the social meanings of violence is the process by which the legitimate uses of violence by the state were mirrored throughout SOCiety, revealing the extent to which violence and punishment were imbricated in each other' (Amussen, 1995: 31). The monopoly of legitimate violence of the state was not yet fully developed, as physical violence, as a way of disciplinary measure or punishment, was tolerated outside the state.
To use it in a conceptualization of violence is a kind of begging the question. A third disadvantage of Galtung's definition also springs from an all too humanist background. Consider the following again, yet seen in light of another aspect: 'when the potential is higher than the actual [... ] and when it is avoidable, then violence is present'. Galtung only wishes to speak of 'violence' in case of the actual being lower than the potential, where the actual is avoidable. Yet thereby, he reintroduces the subject into the definition of violence, as something that is always present when violence occurs.
Whereas witchcraft used to be persecuted due to its allegiance with paganism in general and even the devil in particular, the early modern English definition of witchcraft allots a central place to 'violence', as 'witchcraft accusations depended, not on the pact with the devil, but on specific acts of maleficium, or harm, done by the witch' (Amussen, 1995: 27). Eighteenth century England saw violence 'as a way to discipline or punish those by whom they felt wronged' (Amussen, 1995: 27). That included legitimate and illegitimate (non-legal) forms of violence.
Aspects of Violence: A Critical Theory by W. Schinkel